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Author Name UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water

 

Publisher: World Health Organization

 

Year:2014

 

 

The urgent need for increased access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services is a key theme of this report. The UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS 2014) led by WHO on behalf of UN-Water, draws on data from 94 countries and 23 external support agencies. It is the most comprehensive report, to date, on country efforts and approaches to extend WASH services to all.There are important achievements to note. Between 1990 and 2012, for example, 2.3 billion people around the world gained access to an improved drinking-water source. In that same time frame, the number of children who died from diarrhoeal diseases—strongly associated with poor water, sanitation and hygiene—fell from approximately 1.5 million to just over 600,000. However, key areas of concern remain. In many countries, for example, inadequate water and sanitation policies and practices are fuelling the spread of disease, not only in households and communities, but in schools and health centres. At the time of writing, poor WASH conditions in communities and institutional settings, especially health facilities, have been exacerbating the spread of Ebola in West Africa.

 

Ten key findings emerge from GLAAS 2014. The results show that to improve access and reduce inequalities beyond 2015, much needs to be done to effectively implement and monitor WASH policies at national level, including to:

Ø  Secure, absorb and target sustained international and national financing

Ø  Renew focus on health facilities as a priority; to strengthen action in the crucial area of hygiene promotion

Ø  Support the operation and maintenance of existing infrastructure and services

Ø  Expand efforts in neglected rural areas where the need for improved services is greatest

 

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Source: WHO